Showing posts from 2018

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence According to the basic definition of Artificial Intelligence (hereon referred to as AI) it is the ability of a machine to perform tasks whilst perceiving the environment it encounters and to take suitable actions that would maximize its chances of successfully and most efficiently achieve its goals. The concept of AI has been around for decades with the earliest known occurrence in the literature from 1954 ( Schaeffer J. (2009) Didn’t Samuel Solve That Game?. In: One Jump Ahead. Springer, Boston, MA) where a group of students developed programs for machines learning checkers strategies. This was closely followed by the Dartmouth College convention in 1956 where Allen Newell (CMU), Herbert Simon (CMU), John McCarthy (MIT), Marvin Minsky (MIT) and Arthur Samuel (IBM) became the founders and leaders of AI research. Alan Turing was one of the revolutionary players in the field after he developed several algorithms and gave his ‘Theory of Computati